near

near
near1 W1S1 [nıə US nır] adv, prep
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(short distance away)¦
2¦(short time before)¦
3¦(almost doing something)¦
4¦(amount or level)¦
5¦(similar)¦
6 near perfect/impossible etc
7 draw near
8 (as) near as damn it
9 near enough
10 nowhere near/not anywhere near
11 not come near somebody/something
12 somebody will not go near somebody/something
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1.) ¦(SHORT DISTANCE AWAY)¦
only a short distance from a person or thing
→↑close, nearby ↑nearby
They live near London.
I'm sure they live somewhere near here.
They moved house to be nearer the school.
near to
especially BrE
a hotel near to the beach
She told the children not to go near the canal.
I'm warning you - don't come any nearer !
We heard voices as we drew near the village.
2.) ¦(SHORT TIME BEFORE)¦
soon before a particular time or event
I didn't remember to phone until near the end of the week.
near to
especially BrE
I'll give you a ring a bit nearer to Christmas.
They should send us more details nearer the time of the concert.
3.) ¦(ALMOST DOING SOMETHING)¦
almost doing something or almost in a particular state
The work is now near completion.
A lot of the women were near tears .
We are no nearer an agreement than we were six months ago.
near to
He was near to panic as he scrambled out of the building.
She was near to crying.
He seemed to know that he was near to death.
4.) ¦(AMOUNT OR LEVEL)¦
almost at a particular amount or level
Inflation is now near 10%.
He looked nearer fifty than forty.
near to
Unemployment is now near to its all-time low.
Strawberries must come near the top of the list.
5.) ¦(SIMILAR)¦
if something is near something else, it is similar to it
His story was near enough the truth for people to believe it.
near to
They say that love is very near to hate.
It may not be an exact replica but it's pretty damn near.
6.) near perfect/impossible etc
almost perfect, impossible etc
a near impossible task
7.) draw near
if an event is drawing near, it is nearly time for it to happen
The day of his interview was drawing near.
8.) (as) near as damn it
BrE spoken used to say that something is very nearly true or correct
The repairs will cost us £1000, as near as damn it.
9.) near enough
BrE used to say that something is nearly true or correct
It's eleven o'clock, near enough.
All three car parks were full, near enough.
10.) nowhere near/not anywhere near
used before an adjective or adverb to say that something is definitely not true
That's nowhere near enough money!
The job wasn't anywhere near finished.
11.) not come near sb/sth
if one person or thing does not come near another one, it is not at all as good as the other one
None of the other wordprocessing programs comes near this one.
12.) sb will not go near sb/sth
if someone will not go near a person or thing, they dislike or are frightened of them and will not speak to the person or use the thing
He refused to go near a doctor.
He made up his mind never to go near a motorcycle again.
near 2
near2 W3S2 adj
1.) only a short distance away from someone or something
→↑close, nearby ↑nearby
It's a beautiful house but it's 20 miles away from the nearest town.
We can meet at the pub or in the restaurant, whichever's nearer for you.
2.) a near disaster/collapse etc
almost a ↑disaster, ↑collapse etc
The election was a near disaster for the Conservative party.
3.) the nearest thing/equivalent to sth
the thing you have that is most like a particular type of thing
He's the nearest thing to a father I've got.
4.) in the near future
soon
They promised to contact us again in the near future.
5.) be a near thingBrE
a) if something you succeed in doing is a near thing, you manage to succeed but you nearly failed
They won the championship, but it was a near thing.
b) used to say that you just managed to avoid a dangerous or unpleasant situation
That was a near thing - that truck was heading straight for us.
6.) near miss
a) when a bomb, plane, car etc nearly hits something but does not
a near miss between two passenger aircraft over the airport
b) a situation in which something almost happens, or someone almost achieves something
7.) to the nearest £10/hundred etc
an amount to the nearest £10, hundred etc is the number nearest to it that can be divided by £10, a hundred etc
Give me the car mileage to the nearest thousand.
8.) a) near relative/relation
a relative who is very closely related to you such as a parent
The death of a near relative is a terrible trauma for a child.
b) sb's nearest and dearest
someone's family - used humorously
9.) [only before noun, no comparative]
a) used to describe the side of something that is closest to where you are
the near bank of the river
b) BrE used when talking about the parts of a vehicle to mean the one that is closest to the side of the road when you drive
≠ ↑off
The headlight on the near side isn't working.
→↑nearly,nowhere near atnowhere
>nearness n [U]
near 3
near3 v written
1.) [T]
to come closer to a place
She began to feel nervous as she neared the house.
The ship was nearing the harbour.
2.) [T]
to come closer to being in a particular state
The work is nearing completion.
He's 55 now, and nearing retirement.
3.) [T]
to come closer to a particular time
He was nearing the end of his stay in India.
4.) [I]
if a time nears, it gets closer and will come soon
He got more and more nervous as the day of his departure neared.

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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  • Near — Near, a. [Compar. {Nearer}; superl. {Nearest}.] [See {Near}, adv.] 1. Not far distant in time, place, or degree; not remote; close at hand; adjacent; neighboring; nigh. As one near death. Shak. [1913 Webster] He served great Hector, and was ever… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • near — [nir] adv. [ME nere < ON & OE: ON nær, near (orig. compar. of nā ): OE near, nearer, compar. of neah, NIGH] 1. at or to a relatively short distance in space or time [summer draws near] 2. relatively close in degree; almost: now usually nearly… …   English World dictionary

  • Near — (n[=e]r), adv. [AS. ne[ a]r, compar. of ne[ a]h nigh. See {Nigh}.] 1. At a little distance, in place, time, manner, or degree; not remote; nigh. [1913 Webster] My wife! my traitress! let her not come near me. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. Nearly;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • near — near, nearly Near has almost fallen out of use as an adverb meaning ‘almost’, and nearly serves this purpose: He was nearly dead with fright. Exceptions include near complete and near perfect: • Gunnell, captain of the British women s team,… …   Modern English usage

  • near- — /nēr / combining form Denoting almost, as in nearˈ white of a colour closely resembling white, and nearˈ silkˈ artificial silk * * * near UK [nɪə(r)] US [nɪr] prefix almost used with many nouns and adjectives It’s a near certainty (=it will… …   Useful english dictionary

  • NEAR — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Holly Near (* 1949), US amerikanische Sängerin NEAR ist die Abkürzung für: Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous, eine US amerikanische Raumsonde, siehe NEAR Shoemaker Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • near — [adj1] close by physically abreast, abutting, adjacent, adjoining, alongside, along toward, approximal, around, at close quarters, available, beside, bordering, burning, close, close at hand, close by, close shave*, conterminous, contiguous,… …   New thesaurus

  • Near — Near, prep. Adjacent to; close by; not far from; nigh; as, the ship sailed near the land. See the Note under {near}, a. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Near — Near, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Neared}; p. pr. & vb. n {Nearing}.] [See {Near}, adv.] To approach; to come nearer; as, the ship neared the land. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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